The Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Shawnee hunted on this land known as Spring Hill. The soil, rich with the decay of prehistoric vegetation, was a natural attraction to wildlife and Native Americans. Settlers coming with land grants for western expansion valued the beauty and fertility of the rolling hills and natural springs. Early settlers venturing out into the west had a strong faith in the land and the future community. Soon, the community was complete with churches, schools, doctors, lawyers, blacksmiths, and merchants.
Beautiful mansions, estates, churches, and plantations created a new landscape. Some of these structures are still standing and reflect the pride of the early people who were the Spring Hill community. Spring Hill, with the advent of the railroad, was an early link to Nashville and its cultural institutions.
In 1861, there came the threat of the Civil War. The people of Spring Hill struggled through the occupation of both Union and Confederate troops. The townspeople grew stronger and closer to each other and formed a bond that was difficult for newcomers to understand. The occupation and battle of Spring Hill was a prelude to the famous battle of Franklin.
After the war, even though almost destroyed by tornadoes and fire, the town grew. Spring Hill was known nationally for the breeding of livestock, its rich pastures, agriculture and for its dedication to quality education.
In 1980, industry turned the primarily agricultural town to one of manufacturing with the impact of the General Motors, Saturn Plant.New people, in great numbers, changed the small town into a city. The people whose families lived here for generations were troubled with the residents.However, the energy and vitality of these newcomers allowed the town to move forward in the arts, business, and education. The Saturn Plant became an anchor to Spring Hill’s economy.
Location & Demographics
Spring Hill covers approximately 17 square miles and is located 35 miles south of Nashville, TN. The city is situated within two counties, Maury and Williamson, and is part of the greater Cumberland Region that includes Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Maury, Montgomery, Robertson, Rutherford, Sumner, Williamson, and Wilson counties.
Spring Hill’s population grew to 29,036 in 2010, an increase of 276% between 2000 and 2010. Likewise, Spring Hill is projected to grow by another 78% from 2010 to 2030. While growth presents great challenges for Spring Hill, it also generates new opportunities for economic expansion, community development, and quality of life improvements for current and future residents.
The Battle of Spring Hill - November 29, 1864
Spring Hill was the prelude to the Battle of Franklin. On the night of November 28, 1864, General John Bell Hood’s Army of Tennessee marched toward Spring Hill to get astride Major General John M. Schofield’s Union army’s life line. Cavalry skirmishing between Brigadier General James H. Wilson’s Union cavalry and Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Confederate troopers continued throughout the day as the Confederates advanced.
November 29, Hood’s infantry crossed Duck River and converged on Spring Hill. In the meantime, Major General Schofield reinforced the troops, holding the crossroads at Spring Hill. In late afternoon, the Federals repulsed a piecemeal Confederate infantry attack. During the night, the rest of Schofield’s command passed from Columbia through Spring Hill to Franklin. This was, perhaps, Hood’s best chance to isolate and defeat the Union army. The engagement has been described as “one of the most controversial non-fighting events of the entire war."
Battle of Spring Hill Map
View Battle of Spring Hill in a larger map